Migraine is a disease very common nowadays. There have been over 30 million reported cases of migraine in the United States of America. It is more common among women. The diagnosis of migraine is a very important part in the treatment of this disease. Here is all you need to know about its diagnosis and treatment.
Basic Symptoms of Migraines
One of the most common symptoms of extreme or intense migraines is headache which is disabling and also throbbing. Some of the other common symptoms among those people suffering from this disease are feeling of nausea, frequent vomiting or just being over sensitive to light or sound particularly when migraine attacks occur. The time period for which these last is usually four to seventy two hours.
The patients with migraines may or may not experience aura. An aura is nothing but visual disturbances experienced by the patients. All these discomforts often does not allow the person suffering from migraine to continue his daily activities of his life. If a person encounters 2 to 5 migraine attacks, then it can be termed as severe migraine. Such types of migraines are more common for people in the age group of 25-35 years; however, it is not just restricted to this age group.
In case of chronic migraines the patient experiences migraine pain everyone out of two days in a month, which may continue for three months. The effects of migraine headaches can be crippling to the patients and a proper treatment of acute migraine is very important to stop it from developing into chronic migraine.
Various Kinds of Headaches in Migraines
Tension Headaches: A type of headache where the patient experiences a feeling where it seems like something is tightly squeezing the patients’ head. Muscle tension in the head, lack of sleep and dehydration may activate this.
Cluster Headache: It is more common among the males. This pain happens suddenly and affects the area near the eye and only in one of the sides of the brain.
People who have migraine often experience difficulties in their vision. They may see a flickering light or see blurry images just before they experience a migraine attack. This vision abnormality is called migraine attack. In some instances the patient may also experience problems in their speech or smell.
Factors which cause Migraine Attacks
Some of the common factors which lead to migraine attacks are as follows:
• The hormone levels fluctuating too often
• Food which has been fermented
• Irregular eating habits
• Old cheese
• Lack or excess of sleep
• Sudden change in air pressure
• Bright lights
• Alcohol consumption
• Caffeine withdrawal
Scientific Reasons behind Migraine
Many complicated activities take place inside the brain. Researchers are yet to find out the reasons behind these activities yet. However, it is believed that it is due to some actions taking place in the trigeminal nerve that causes these reactions. Soon after the migraine pain starts there is significant molecular change in pain sensing nerves, which results in them becoming extra sensitive to pressure, as a result of which the patient experiences severe pain.